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 Genus of spore-forming bacteria responsible for food poisoning.

 Cl. botulinum causes botulism, a rare but often fatal form of food poisoning where the exotoxins are present in the food.The spores are the most heat-resistant food poisoning organism encountered, and their thermal death time is used as a minimum standard for processing foods with pH above 4.5.

  Cl. perfringens produces an enterotoxin in the gut. Infective dose 107108 organisms, onset 816 h, duration 1624 h,TX2.1.1.3.